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INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne

Fractionation of AgroResources and Environment lab

Projects

Our projects are presented according to the funding source, principal investigator for FARE lab are indicated.

European Projects

Logo Europe H2020-Inter-FACCE

Project

Title

Duration

Summary

INTOS2

Nanoscale investigations of water effects on wood S2 layer and wood-inspired polymeric nano-systems, combining MD and advanced experiments

Coordinator and Contact for FARE: Brigitte CHABBERT

01/2019 - 12/2022

The aim of this project is to understand the hygromechanical behavior of moisture-sensitive materials like cellulose-based materials. We use wood as the base natural model and synthetize different wood polymer systems, in order to quantify the physical impact of micro-climatic conditions. We probe the systems systematically, combining experimental characterization and atomistic modeling, and pioneering a meticulous match of the scales of the experimental and in-silico investigations

VALBRAN

Valorization of wheat bran into surface-active molecules

Contact for FARE: Caroline REMOND

01/2017 - 12/2020

ValBran will develop original and environmentally friendly biotechnological and green chemistry pathways for the production of various surfactant molecules from wheat bran. Molecules with high added value for various applications (cosmetics, detergents, phytosanitary agents…) will be targeted. The approach will consist of developing several laboratory-scale transformation pathways and then selecting the most promising(s) for pilot upscaling in order to obtain economic and environmental impact of the developed process(es). Wheat bran residues generated during the process will be of interest for animal feed.
This project involves the University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne (FARE and ICMR units), the University of Picardie Jules Verne (GEC unit), the French competitiveness cluster “Industries des Agro-Ressources” (IAR) In Wallonia the University of Liège (AgroBioTech Gembloux, laboratory LBMI), the Walloon association ValBiom and the Greenwin cluster. In Flanders the project include the VITO research and technology centre, the INAGRO association and the Catalisti cluster.
Together, those partners will become important players in the field of biorefinery and bioeconomy.

RESIDUEGAS

logo eragas

Improved estimation and mitigation of nitrous oxide emissions and soil carbon storage from crop residues

Contact for FARE:
Sylvie RECOUS,
Gwenaëlle LASHERMES

11/2017 - 10/2020

Crop residues provide significant inputs of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) to soils and contribute to the net GHG balance of soils. N2O emissions from crop residues vary considerably depending on the quality of the residues, their management and the soils and climate. This situation is currently not reflected in the methodology of national emission inventories. The European ResidueGas project (co-fund FACCE ERA-GAS call) will propose an improved methodology for quantifying N2O emissions from the management of agricultural crop residues, for a wide range of crops, taking into account their biochemical composition and their management in the field, for a diversity of soils and climate in Northern Europe. The project is based on the collection of published data, laboratory and field experiments, and modelling. ResidueGas will also propose improved crop residue management practices to improve their net GHG balance. WWW

COMPOSENS

Cross-border development of composite materials polymer-natural fibers

Contact for FARE: Françoise BERZIN

01/2017 - 09/2020

The COMPOSENS project proposes an original approach that combines fibre treatment plant by clean processes and sensory remediation for development new polymer-natural fibre polymer composite materials that meet the requirements of the expenses of industrialists in the cross-border area. Innovative ways are being considered: impregnation of fibres with thermoplastics, polymer compound with natural fibers for additive manufacturing (3D printing). In order to align research with real industrial needs, with a view to economic opportunities, COMPOSENS relies on exchanges with these manufacturers.

ZELCOR

Zelcor-Header

Zero Waste Ligno-Cellulosic Bio-Refineries

Contact for FARE: Bernard KUREK

10/2016 - 09/2020

The ZELCOR project aims to demonstrate that it is possible to transform recalcitrant lignocellulosic residues from biorefineries into high value-added bioproducts. The project concept consists of combining chemical and enzymatic catalyses with insect-based bioconversion. It covers three types of recalcitrant materials: lignocellulose from ethanol production, lignins dissolved during the pulping process and humins formed by sugar conversion. The project will use enzyme and process engineering to design efficient and environmentally friendly conversion routes. A transversal platform to characterize biomolecules will be set up to identify bioproducts of commercial interest among multifunctional nanoparticles, phenolic antioxidants, chitosans of entomological origin and aromatic intermediates. It will improve our knowledge of the relationships between structures and functions and the mechanisms involved in catalytic depolymerization and bioconversion of recalcitrant residues. The feasibility of this approach will be demonstrated through the formulation of final products, the assessment of the sustainability and safety of the value chain and the scaling up of processes.WWW

BABET REAL5

BioCommodity Refinery

Contact for FARE: Caroline REMOND

02/2016 - 02/2020

The objective of the BABET-REAL5 project is to develop an alternative solution for the production of 2G ethanol, competitive at smaller industrial scale and therefore applicable to a large numbers of countries, rural areas and feedstock. The target is to reach technical, environmental and economical viabilities in production units processing from 30,000 tons equivalent dry biomass per year. This approach will definitely enlarge the scope of biomass feedstock exploitable for the production of biofuel and create better conditions for the deployment of production sites, to the benefit of rural areas in Europe and worldwide. The main concept underpinning the project relies on a new biomass conversion process able to run all the steps from the pretreatment of the raw material to the enzymatic pre-hydrolysis in a one-stage-reactor under mild operating conditions. This new process, recently developed to TRL 4, offers the most integrated and compact solution for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass for the production of ethanol developed so far, and it will lead to reduced capital and operation expenditures. The new process will be developed to TRL5 in the BABET-RAEL5 project with the goal of achieving satisfactory technical, environmental and economical performances in relevant operation environment

Investment for the Future Projects / BPI

Investissements d'avenir

Project

Title

Duration

Summary

FUTUROL

FUTUROL Project

Contact for FARE: Jean TAYEB

2008 - 2017

Le projet Futurol a pour objectif de mettre sur le marché un procédé de fabrication d’éthanol cellulosique (2ème génération) à l’horizon 2016-2017. La contribution de l’UMR FARE se situe au niveau des modules ressources lignocellulosiques, pré-traitement et hydrolyse.
WWW

SINFONI

Vers la structuration d'une filière des fibres techniques d'origine végétale (lin, chanvre) utilisées en tant que matériaux

Contact for FARE: Bernard KUREK

01/2013 - 12/2017

SINFONI vise à créer les conditions d’utilisation à grande échelle des fibres d’origine végétale, en réunissant des acteurs industriels et académiques dotés d’un fort savoir-faire en la matière et complémentaires sur l’ensemble de la chaîne de valeur.

National Research Agency Projects

ANR

Project

Title

Duration

Summary

FUNLOCK

Enzymes fongiques pour déverrouiller l'hydrolyse de biomasse récalcitrante

Contact for FARE: Gabriel PAËS

01/2014 - 12/2018

The recalcitrance of plant biomass to enzymatic hydrolysis is a multifactorial industrial problem that can be associated with a lack of knowledge of the relationships between substrate structure and enzymatic efficiency. The objective of the FUNLOCK project is to identify new lignocellulolytic enzymes capable of removing locks encountered during this enzymatic deconstruction.

LIGNOPROG

Modelling progression of enzymes in lignocellulosic assemblies and plant cell walls

Coordinator and contact for FARE: Gabriel PAËS

01/2019 - 12/2022

Deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass is a dynamic process, during which enzymes progress in a complex and heterogeneous network. It is thus critical to define the relationship that exists between the structural and chemical features related to the biomass and the progression of the enzymes, in order ro quantify and to rank the most relevant features.

Champagne-Ardenne Region Projects

Région Champagne Ardenne - L'Europe s'engage en Champagne Ardenne

Project

Title

Duration

Summary

Hy-C-Green

Production of decarbonated hydrogen and bio-sourced materials in the Grand-Est with an integrated biorefinery concept

Contact for FARE: Gabriel PAËS

01/2019 - 12/2022

Wood energy and the by-products of the wood industries are currently insufficiently developed and represent a strong economic potential for our region. This project proposes to develop a sustainable use of wood in thermo-chemical biorefineries integrated in the form of green energies, in particular decarbonated hydrogen.

DYNADECOL

Multi-scale approach of the dynamical deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass

Contact for FARE: Gabriel PAËS

10/2018 - 09/2021

The goal of this project is to follow in a dynamical way the hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass by combining spectral, structural and chemical techniques. Resulting markers will be gathered to determine their interactions and their impact on hydrolysis.

TECMI-4D

Advances microscopy techniques for 4D imaging of lignocellulosic biomass deconstruction

Contact for FARE: Gabriel PAËS

10/2016 - 09/2019

This project aims at designing and applying confocal microscopy imaging and analysis tools in 4D in order to follow the structure of lignocellulosic biomass during their hydolysis by enzymatic cocktails.

COFILI 1&2

Cohesion properties of lignocellulosic fibrous structures

Contact for FARE:

Véronique AGUIE-BEGHIN and Brigitte CHABBERT 

12/2016 - 11/2019

The project is related to one of the main research topic developed at INRA: “the agricultural products, their transformations and characterizations”. The main goal of this project is to develop new methodologies in atomic force microscopy at nanometric scale for measuring and understanding the cohesion properties between lignocellulosic polymers in fibre or between the fibre and its matrix in composite materials, for a better control in the long term of the quality of lignocellulosic resources and their transformation.

CARTOFIBRES

Mapping of the mechanical and chemical characteristics of lignocellulosic fibres

Contact for FARE: Brigitte CHABBERT

01/2016 - 06/2019

The project aims to understand the relationships between parietal architecture and the mechanical behaviour of fibres by studying the effect of chemical and/or enzymatic modifications of long fibres by favouring a multiscale approach (macro/micro/nanometric). The experimental approach will be based on the implementation of appropriate methodologies for the cartographic analysis of mechanical and chemical characteristics by combining the expertise and developments of the URCA partner laboratories (FARE, LRN) and the Univ Floride Centre (Pr Tétard; USA). The aim will be to induce a progressive modification of the fibre structure and to understand the chemical and mechanical properties of the fibres at different study scales, based on methodologies available in the partner laboratories and previously applied to plant fibres. The effect of the treatments will be estimated at the micro or nanometric level by approaches dedicated to the local analysis of the target components (microspectroscopy and AFM IR, Raman..., confocal microscopy). These analyses will be coupled with mechanical surface analyses to provide access to information available at different scales (fibre/parietal strata or parietal strata domain (AFM, nanoindentation). The challenge of the project will be to develop a modelling approach integrating knowledge of fibre properties, 3D fibre composition and wall architecture.

MATAGRAF

Formulation of a new innovative renewable and biodegradable MATERIAL for Seasonal AGRAFage System

Contact for FARE: Johnny BEAUGRAND et Gwennaëlle LASHERMES

02/2013 - 11/2016

Creation and manufacture of a 100% bio-based material from regional natural resources, adapted to plastic injection, and allowing the manufacture of parts for seasonal stapling in viticulture, arboriculture, market gardening or other. These parts must offer better performances such as the controlled loss of strength during use and improved biodegradability by in relation to existing products.

Other projects

Project

Title

Duration

Summary

OLIGOPREBIO

Production and functionalization of xylo‐ and manno oligosaccharides into biologically active compounds: development of a continuous enzymatic process by combining biocatalysis and membrane technology

Contact for FARE: Caroline REMOND

12/2017 - 12/2021

Xylo- (XOs) and manno-oligosaccharides (MOs) are emerging prebiotics exhibiting physiological properties that are beneficial to human and animal health. Prebiotics are non-digestible food ingredients that promote the growth of beneficial microorganisms in the gut. XOs and MOs are currently produced by the enzymatic hydrolysis of xylan and mannan polysaccharides that are extracted from different lignocellulosic biomasses. The currently used batch-based processes however result in XOs and MOs with short chain lengths and low product yields due to the inhibition of the enzymes by the produced products. Therefore, there is a need to develop a continuous membrane based enzymatic process for the production of XOs and MOs at high yields and with longer chain lengths resulting in enhanced prebiotic activity.
The project relies on the development of an enzyme membrane reactor (EMR) in which enzymatic conversion of biomass will be combined with membrane separation to (i) tailor the length of the oligosaccharides to increase prebiotic activity and to (ii) intensify the enzymatic process by removing the enzyme inhibiting products, and re-using the enzyme over longer times leading to higher product yields and productivities and a more economical process.

LIGNOXYL 1&2

Oxidation of lignocelluloses by chemically and enzymatically generated hydroxyl radicals

Contact for FARE: Bernard KUREK

09/2016 - 08/2019

Activated oxygen derivatives (ROS) are radical species generated either directly by ferrous salts and hydrogen peroxide (Fenton reaction) or by the indirect action of metalloenzymes involved in the biodegradation processes of lignocelluloses.
 
The Lignoxyl 2.0 project is based on the results of the inter-Carnot Lignoxyl-Staboxal project, which aimed to i/ identify the active oxygen species involved in the oxidation of lignified plant walls, ii/ simulate the stages of their formation and the kinetics of their reactions with lignocelluloses, using a calculation tool developed in Staboxal (Simulox), iii/ to describe and model reactions in the presence of polymer mixtures of increasing complexity and representative of plant walls to approximate the conditions prevailing in natural biological environments and those required for obtaining new nanostructured materials (films and coatings).

RMT F&E

FERTILISATION & ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGICAL NETWORK

Contact for FARE: Sylvie RECOUS

01/2014 - 12/2019

The technological network “Fertilisation & Environment” supported by the French Ministry of Agriculture, is developed in the context of the reduction of chemical inputs in Agriculture, the mitigation of nutrients losses in the environment (waters, air), and the reduction of energy, nitrogen and phosphorus dependence of farms.  The main goal is to coordinate the wide range of activities which are needed for the successful design and transfer of new tools in agriculture (identification of the end-users and their needs, scientific state-of-the-art, shared data-sets, R&D projects, decision-making tools development and parameterization, training, ...) . The network involved 32 partners in research, training and extension activities : 7 Research Institutes and higher education schools in France (INRA, CIRAD, IRSTEA, ISARA), Belgium (Gembloux University, CRA-Wallonie) & Switzerland (Agroscope), 7 agricultural technical institutes specialized by agricultural production and processing network (arable crop, fruit and vegetable, vine and wine, livestock farming) and their head-of-network (ACTA), 5 Chambers of Agriculture and the national organization gathering them (APCA), 6 technical schools of agriculture, 5 private laboratories, companies, agencies.

RIGHTLAB

Understanding of  RettInG on Hemp fIbers key properTies leading to retting criteria a definition as a main indicator for future certification LABel

Contact for FARE: Bernard KUREK

05/2016 - 06/2019

In order to satisfy a growing demand for high-performance and eco-designed materials, the use of hemp, and more particularly hemp fibres, is a real opportunity. France, the leading European producer, has great industrial potential in the valorization of this plant. Now mainly used in papermaking, these fibres have exceptional properties of interest for many higher value-added applications, including thermocompression, plasturgy and textiles.
However, access to these major markets requires the supply of a quality raw material (fibres) that meets strict specifications, the response of which involves processing the straw before defibering, known as retting. Applicable to fields by leaving the straws on the ground for several weeks, this step remains very empirical, difficult to control and unknown in hemp (unlike flax). It is therefore very difficult for hemp growers to supply straws with a controlled level of retting that meet the specifications of the application in question. The lack of methods to measure the rate of retting in the field is a strong source of demotivation to reuse hemp at the moment. Hemp mills such as La Chanvrière de l'Aube (LCDA) suffer the situation by only being able to see at the end of the chain after defibering the reality of the qualities of hemp available, which is not compatible with the ability to supply manufacturers of materials for volumes defined in a contractual framework.
The main objective of RIGHTLAB is to offer a decision-making tool, through the determination of reliable and relevant indicators, of a level of retting of hemp straw and fibres in order to open up to these fibres the technical markets and demand for irreproachable quality.

RESIST

Retting of fibre plant stems: characterization and modelling of selective degradation processes on soils for industrial use of fibres.

Contact for FARE: Brigitte CHABBERT

10/2015 - 09/2018

The project focuses on the characterization of the biological, chemical and physical processes involved in retting. This process is a "mulching" on the soil of the stems of fibre plants (hemp, flax) after harvest to facilitate the subsequent extraction of cellulosic fibres. This field operation is very important for the quality of the fibres that will be used by historical manufacturers (paper, textiles) and by those developing new and booming applications (construction, automotive). This process, retting, promotes the development of microorganisms that degrade pectins and hemicelluloses, responsible for the cohesion between cellulosic fibres, thus facilitating their mechanical extraction and improving fibre quality. However, the retting process in the field is based on essentially empirical knowledge, which makes it difficult to control: it is indeed important to stop the process of degradation of plant biomass before it causes deterioration of the cellulose in the fibres. The objective of this project is to provide scientific knowledge on this biotic and abiotic process that takes place on the ground and the main factors that govern it, with a view to eventually developing one or more indicators of retting conditions that will allow farmers and industrialists to better manage the process. The challenge for them is to know when to stop the retting process to harvest and then defibrate the straws.